Experts put Penza on list of richest and most self-sufficient cities of Russia
Penza, 22 December 2017. PenzaNews. The consulting agency Strelka put Penza on the list of the richest and most self-sufficient regional centres of Russia basing on the results of analysis of revenues and expenses. This was reported by RBC, whose journalists got acquainted with the study.
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The criterion of wealth was calculated as per-capita income, while financial independence was determined by the proportion of budgetary receipts without consideration.
The richest and most sufficient cities, whose over 50% of expenses are covered by receipts without consideration, also included Blagoveshchensk, Khabarovsk, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Arkhangelsk, Kaliningrad, Krasnodar, Murmansk, Perm, Tula, Ufa, Yaroslavl, Ekaterinburg, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarks, Novosibirsk, Tomsk and Tyumen.
Experts note that rich cities can solve operational problems and set strategic goals, as well as have a so-called airbag in case of crises.
Strelka included the following municipalities in the list of rich but dependant cities: Anadyr, Birobidzhan, Magadan, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Yakutsk, Abakan, Gorno-Altaysk, Kemerovo, Kyzyl, Salekhard, Khanty-Mansiysk, Chelyabinsk, Belgorod, Veliky Novgorod, Vologda, Grozny, Kaluga, Kirov, Naryan-Mar, Rostov-on-Don, and Syktyvkar.
According to the consulting agency Strelka, 85% of poor and dependent cities are located in the European part of Russia. They include Kurgan, Bryansk, Vladikavkaz, Vladimir, Volgograd, Izhevsk, Yoshkar-Ola, Kursk, Lipetsk, Orel, Saranskm Saratov, Tver, Ulyanovsk, Cheboksary, Cherkessk, and Elista.
The list of poor but independent regional centres includes Vladivostok, Barnaul, Omsk, Ulad-Ude, Chita, Astrakhan, Voronezh, Ivanovo, Kazan, Kostroma, Nizhny Novgorod and Pskov.